The Economics and Management of Small Business: An International Perspective

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Strategy, Innovation, and Management Control This program combines strategy and entrepreneurship. Rather than perpetuate the qualitative assessment of successful practices, the focus of this book is to present quantitative and qualitative evidence of the impact of STPs on regional development and to raise awareness on the importance of systematic data collection and analysis.

Only through a systematic collection of data on fiscal identification numbers of companies, universities, and university spin-offs will it be possible to conduct current and especially future analyses on the impact of STPs on entrepreneurship, effectiveness of technology transfer, and regional economic development. To this extent, the synergistic views of academics, representatives from STPs, and policy experts are crucial.

Sara's research focuses on industrial innovation and innovation policy. She is an associate editor of the Journal of Technology Transfer. Albert N. He has published more than 50 book and articles in academic journal and scholarly collections such as the American Economic Review , Review of Economics and Statistics , Journal of Political Economy , and Research Policy.

He is ranked in the top 10 worldwide in four separate fields of study in economics. It is hoped that the results presented in this paper will encourage and facilitate new EE research. The results also have important practical implications since EE has been a priority across educational policies and across all the academic levels and disciplines..

The bibliometric review demonstrated objective indicators that revealed interesting research characteristics.

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First, the most productive journals i. Based on the small number of articles per author at most six the analysis indicates that the research area is not highly concentrated. The most productive authors, Fayolle and Kartz, had six articles each, while Linan and Pittaway followed closely behind with five articles each.

In addition, although not the most productive in terms of article numbers, Kuratko is the most cited author. Kuratko conducted a remarkable analysis of the growth and development in the curricula and programs devoted to entrepreneurship and new venture creation.


The evolution in productivity suggests significant growth in the number of published articles since Thus, the entire period of study was divided into two consecutive periods: pre-expansive , T1 ; 21 years; 47 articles and expansive , T2 ; 10 years; articles.. The examination of the field's conceptual structure through a co-word analysis revealed several thematic networks. EE was the unique theme during the first period T1. However, different related topics appeared during the second period T2 , including entrepreneurship learning , entrepreneurship intention , higher education , and provocation.

In essence, these results are similar to the findings of Galvao et al. Finally, the examination of the evolution of EE research in the literature showed that there is a clear interest in determining the academic perspective of EE by analyzing both the teaching process and context of EE. Similarly, researchers have been interested in proposing indicators of success to assess the impact of EE in business creation. Nonetheless, EE research in the second period T2 has been more focused on the academic perspective, and entrepreneurial learning appears as a motor theme in this period T2.

These findings indicate a change in the focus of the research to emphasize the teaching process and EE context. Specifically, emphasis is increasing on new methodologies that situate the student as the main agent and stress the acquisition of competencies rather than just the transmission of knowledge, an essential part of the education model. Furthermore, the examination of Fig. This result is consistent with the call for new research made by Nabi et al.

The theme entrepreneurial intention emerged in the second period but was not developed enough to be considered a motor theme in the field.

An International Perspective

In other words, from a bibliometric perspective, it appears to be related to other subjects, but it is not dense enough to be considered as a motor theme. In their literature review, Nabi et al.

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Even so, these authors emphasize the need to examine the moderating effect on the relationship between entrepreneurial spirit and its outcomes through other themes such as national culture and gender. The present bibliometric study's results are consistent with the demanded future research called for by Nabi et al , as demonstrated by the themes related to entrepreneurial intentions , national culture , entrepreneurial skills , and personal traits , with TBP as the predominant theory used to justify many of these studies..

It is important to realize that while our study is not specifically limited to Higher Education, but the results reveal little EE research in this context. In this sense, Nabi et al. Finally, some study's limitations should be pointed out. However, it must be recognized that all the limitations are due to the compulsory decisions for applying a bibliometric technique like SciMAT. Second, the maps generated depended on the selected parameters. In this sense, different similarity measures and different clustering algorithms may have been implemented.

Expertise in appropriately configuring the SciMat program was very important in setting the best parameters to avoid the appearance of strategic diagrams that are too complex to analyze.. The next step in this research might be to conduct a deeper content analysis using textual analysis software such as NVivo of the articles in each thematic cluster to show a more in-depth discussion of each identified theme.

In a content analysis there are no restrictions on the format of the archives, as is required for the bibliometric software treatment.. Inicio European Research on Management and Business Economics Conceptual structure and perspectives on entrepreneurship education research: A Previous article Next article.

Issue 3. Pages September - December Conceptual structure and perspectives on entrepreneurship education research: A bibliometric review.

Download PDF. Gloria Aparicio , Txomin Iturralde. Corresponding author. This item has received. Under a Creative Commons license. Received 27 December Accepted 10 April Show more Show less. Table 1. The results of this bibliometric analysis enhance understanding of the evolution of EE research with a global overview of the relevant literature and its authors.

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Entrepreneurship education. JEL classification:. Thus, the existing EE research is broad both in levels of education and educational disciplines, accordingly this literature review will not limit the analysis to one specific discipline or level of education. Articles by Mwasalwiba and Nabi, Linan, Fayolle, Krueger, and Walmsley are particularly interesting due to their global perspective on EE research and practice.

However, the review also showed that the field was moving toward a common conceptual approach demonstrated by agreement on educational objectives and recommended teaching methods as opposed to those most frequently applied and convergence on behavioral impact indicators. In addition, the study underscored the need for future research on critical and underdeveloped themes and provided general recommendations for research in this field and the practical implications.

Therefore, bibliometric analyses bring a new perspective to EE field as a complement of previous research. Thus, the findings provide a roadmap for further investigation in this field. The final section discusses the study's conclusions, limitations, and proposals for future research. The steps for each are detailed in the following sections.